Randolph Community Forest is National Model

 This article originally appeared in the Berlin Daily Sun. It was written by Randolph resident Gail Scott, with whose permission we share it here. 

RANDOLPH—The Randolph Community Forest has become a model for small communities wishing to start their own community forest, Randolph Forest Commission Chairman John Scarinza told a group of Randolph residents gathered at the town hall for the annual Randolph Forest Day Saturday. “It’s the largest town forest in the east,” he said. “We have given tours to people from Central Europe, India, the Western states, who come here to see how a community can manage a 10,000 acre town forest.”

When the new Federal Eastern Regional Forester visited the area, “one of her stops was the Randolph Community Forest,” he added.

During the Forest Day events, Randolph residents heard a review of the forest’s first ten years and had a chance to make suggestions for the next ten year plan. Forester Walt Wintturi went over each of the goals of the first ten year plan and described how these goals were being met.

The goals included:

▪ income considerations;

▪ aesthetics—to minimize the visual impact of timbering and to maintain view spots;

▪ encourage recreation trails, using best management practices to protect the soil from erosion or other forms of degradation and avoid undue disturbance to plant and animal habitat;

▪ ecology—to develop and maintain conditions to encourage plant and animal diversity and ensure that water resources are protected;

▪ maintain woods roads;

▪ education—to educate residents and the public about the natural cycles of forest life and the role that sustainable timber management can play in the forest.

Under the income heading, Wintturi said that timber sales from the forest generated enough money to cover forest management costs, which was a requirement of the conservation easement. He said five sale harvesting areas had been identified and “we conducted four timber sales over the past ten years.” The sales generated a total of $493,789 over the ten years or a little less than $50,000 a year. The earnings were mostly swallowed up by maintenance costs, including woods road repairs after heavy rain falls or spring runoff; replacing water bars in steep areas; improving wildlife habitat such as creating wild life openings with a goal of having two to three percent of the forest in openings; marking the boundaries of the forest, and maintaining the transects (passages through the forest where researchers can note plant and animal life); and consulting fees.

However, some of the earnings are being paid to the town, Scarinza said. Of the timber harvested, the logger pays a 10 percent timber tax and the forest has contributed about $45,000 to the town over the ten year period, he said.

A goal of the Randolph Community Forest “is to produce high quality saw log products,” said Wintturi. “Along with that is pulp wood generated and if the timber purchaser has chipping contracts, they also utilize the tops and poor quality wood for chips.”

Wintturi noted that the forest is certified as a tree farm, which means that it is being sustainably managed and managed to protect the wildlife habitat and resources. On the question of aesthetics, Wintturi said he is aware of the visual impact of logging. “This is a thought foremost on my mind when I am planning, designing, and laying out a timber sale,” he said. “I know how important the appearance of the forest is to the citizens of Randolph and the people who travel the highways in the area.” He said he tries to make the cuts large enough so that full sunlight will fall to the forest floor to regenerate the trees on that site and create greater biodiversity within the forest.

On Randolph Forest Day, attended by a number of Randolph residents, Community Forest Forester Walt Wintturi points out the features of a space kept open within the forest to encourage the wildlife that seeks meadows. He noted that softwoods at the verge are also being encouraged to grow by removing competing hard woods. Such habitat attracts wildlife including woodcock and deer. (GAIL SCOTT PHOTO)

On Randolph Forest Day, attended by a number of Randolph residents, Community Forest Forester Walt Wintturi points out the features of a space kept open within the forest to encourage the wildlife that seeks meadows. He noted that softwoods at the verge are also being encouraged to grow by removing competing hard woods. Such habitat attracts wildlife including woodcock and deer. (GAIL SCOTT PHOTO)

Under recreation, Wintturi said that there is a group in Randolph that has identified some backcountry ski trails on the forest land in some of the higher elevation areas. In other instances, he said he has helped lay out snowmobile relocations to prevent erosion.”If you are here on a winter weekend, the forest is buzzing with activity,” he said.

He added that there is hunting, as well, noting especially the fall when bird hunters come looking for ruffed grouse and woodcock whose habitat is being encouraged under the wildlife plan. At this point Elise Lawson, of Watershed to Wildlife, Inc., added, “When you go to the Pond of Safety and you are quiet. Just sit there a little longer. There is always something there. Early in the morning, during the fall moose rut, we did that and sure enough a cow and calf came down to the pond and then a big moose, the biggest I’ve ever seen, and about ten minutes later, a younger bull came down following the threesome. We just sat there quietly. The experience was amazing.”

‘Another major goal for the last stewardship plan was to maintain diversity of wildlife habitats and different kinds of plant species in the forest, ” said Wintturi. “That will continue to be a goal.” He noted in particular the openings that are kept mowed to appeal to all kinds of wildlife and the encouragement of alder regeneration because the alder seeds are important for many species. Buffers are maintained along streams to protect trout and the locations of vernal pools are protected as well. Beaver are left alone to do their part to maintain wildlife diversity.

Once again, the Community Forest experts noted that there are 15 permanent transects in the forest where researchers can thread their way through the forest, recording plants and wildlife seen. The RCF has created a $5,000 grants program “so if a student working on a Masters wanted to use the transects, they could apply to the Commission to help with some of the expense—this for projects for the good of the forest,” said Scarinza.

The Randolph Community Forest has 26 miles of woods roads. “They are a great asset,” Wintturi said. “However, there is a liability: the upkeep. There are 200 culverts; 150 to 200 water bars, and bridges.” A parking lot is maintained at the end of the Pond of Safety Road, a turnaround at the Pond of Safety, and another parking lot is in the works at the head of Randolph Hill Road where there is a trailhead for a number of Crescent Range trails. These projects are a cooperative endeavor with the Forest Service.

Some of the old logging roads have been blocked with stones or gates to get a vegetative base going to help with erosion. “That takes a lot of forethought,” said Scarinza. “A lot is driven by the condition of the road. The Pond of Safety Road is used tremendously (and is kept open). Some of the roads in the interior (of the forest) may be closed. They were strictly for logging and things have changed so we go the other way. There are three new gates that replaced rock barriers, so that in case of a medical emergency, a vehicle could get through.”

Under education, Wintturi noted that the RCF organizes an annual forest day tour and now has a website to keep people up-to-date on forest happenings.
In sum, Wintturi noted that the past ten years have seen improvements in the forest which was badly damaged in the 1998 ice storm and the hope is that under the new ten year plan, now in the works, things will continue to improve. “This spring I did another round of stand examination in the forest,” he said, “and identified three or four upcoming planned timber sale areas. The message is that the forest will be managed sustainably to continue to cover the management costs. . . . The stewardship plan is wildlife habitat creation driven, designed to improve the bio diversity in the forest, creating an array of different age classes and timber types in the forest.”

He also noted that when he is surveying the forest in winter, he is constantly looking at tracks.”I haven’t seen a lynx yet, but I keep looking,” he said.

Scarinza noted that the Forest Commission members do a lot of behind the scenes work. The commission includes Jeff Parker, Mark Kelley, Doug Mayer, Walter Graff, and Scarinza, with an important part of the team—David Willcox—”who helps tremendously behind the scene, writing grants, putting togegther letters, and keeping me organized.”

Dave and Dodie Willcox’ gift of 79-acres to the Randolph Forest was announced at the meeting.

In the discussion that followed, Edith Tucker suggested that the RCF create a sledding hill somewhere for local children to enjoy in the winter. She also suggested that the RCF sponsor a “Bio Blitz,” a weekend for volunteers to count species in the forest.

A resident asked if Wintturi had given thought to the increased vulnerability of the forest due to global warming. Wintturi responded that he has, but regarded that as beyond the scope of the ten year plan now in the works.

“I personally notice trends,” he said. “I ask forest researchers within the White Mountains if they are noticing anything. So far, they are not seeing vegetation changes. I expect that what is here now will continue to be for the foreseeable future: balsam fir, sugar maples, birches. We may see more red oak moving in and warmer winters and falls have played a role in the ecology of the moose. Winter tick have increased. But my job is to regenerate trees,” he said.

Bruce Cairns noted that a number of the roads formerly used by hunters have been closed. The response was that this is done where there has been serious erosion. He also asked about ATV traffic. Wintturi said that since the ATV trails from Gorham north have opened, there has been less ATV traffic in the forest. “I don’t think there is pent up demand,” he said.

Scarinza noted that there has been no ATV problem and “with good luck” it will stay that way. “If it does change, we will have to come up with a plan,” he said. “ATVs are where snowmobiles were 20 to 30 years ago. As they become more structured, there will be more self policing.” Tucker remarked that she thinks “the push will be to open the Jefferson Notch Road to ATV use to connect to Bretton Woods. The Notch Road would bring people to the Presidential Rail Trail and that within the next year will be high on the list of things. People in Randolph and Jefferson will have to think whether or not they want to be part of the circuit. There is an established tourist community and recreational use hotels, motels, and cabins in Twin Mountain and Bretton Woods and they don’t want to be left out. Just as Gorham was reluctant until the Governor (of NH) went to Stewartstown. Then they felt the train was leaving the station. Tourist oriented communities want to be part of the economic push,” she said.

Wintturi and Scarinza urged the audience to make suggestions for what they hope to see in the next ten year plan. They noted that there is a place to comment on the plan on the Randolph Forest Commission web site: randolphforest.org.